Wir haben im großen Anti feminist definition Test uns die empfehlenswertesten Produkte verglichen und die brauchbarsten Eigenschaften zusammengetragen. Though men were not the only antifeminists, men experienced what some have called a "crisis of masculinity"[30] in response to traditional gender roles being challenged. There were two reasons antisuffragists opposed women participating in the political realm. [61] Both of these organizations pride themselves on rallying women who do not identify with feminist rhetoric together. For example, the perpetrators of the Christchurch massacre and the El Paso shooting appear to have been motivated by the conspiracy theory that white people are being replaced by non-whites largely as a result of feminist stances in Western societies. [6], The term antifeminist is also used to describe public female figures, some of whom (such as Naomi Wolf, Camille Paglia, and Kate Roiphe) define themselves as feminists, based on their opposition to some or all elements of feminist movements. addresses) on resources for battered women"[6] and more. Synonyms for anti-feminist include misogynist, woman-hater, MCP, sexist, chauvinist, male chauvinist, misanthrope, womanhater, male supremacist and male chauvinist pig. Her anti-feminism was rooted in her opposition to “federal solutions to personal problems,” be they programs to alleviate poverty, provide health care, or educate young children. ", "Reform activity that challenged either the subordination of women to men or the patriarchal limitation of women's status provoked an antifeminist response that included an intellectual and political campaign to halt progress toward women's rights and equality. Video shows what antifeminist means. [45], Some current antifeminist practices can be traced back to the rise of the religious right in the late 1970s. Anti feminist definition - Der absolute Favorit der Redaktion. It is about a socialist, anti-family political movement that encourages women to leave their husbands, kill their children, practice witchcraft, destroy capitalism, and become lesbians." After initially receiving the majority of votes (51%), a Time editor apologized for including the word in the poll and removed it from the results. Most used the same hashtag, "womenagainstfeminism", but instead made satirical and bluntly parodic comments. It underwent a shift from fighting against divorce to promoting marriage and traditional family. Thus, most women continue to practice feminism in terms of seeking equality and independence for women, yet avoid the label. In Sex in Education: or, a Fair Chance for the Girls (1873), Harvard professor Edward Clarke predicted that if women went to college, their brains would grow bigger and heavier, and their wombs would atrophy. The novel claimed that Communist leaders used their men and women to recruit a variety of minorities in the nation's capital, such as females, colored males, and homosexual males. [42] Women who opposed the ERA tended to fit characteristics consistent with the Religious Right.[43]. [33] This movement built the foundation for many pro-family arguments in contemporary antifeminism. [16][46][47][48][49][50], British newspaper The Guardian and the website Jezebel have also reported on an increasing number of women and female celebrities rejecting feminism and instead subscribing to humanism. It's younger and less established than the CWA, though the two organizations are often discussed in relation to each other. [66] Due to the stigma against feminism, some activists, such as those involved with Girls Rock, may take the principles of feminism as a foundation of thought and teach girls and women independence and self-reliance without explicitly labeling it with the stigmatized brand of feminism. Feminist definition, advocating social, political, legal, and economic rights for women equal to those of men. — Margaret W. Labarge. [44][45] Antiabortion writings, as well as conservative commentary in the late 20th century criticized the selfishness and self-centeredness of the feminist movement regarding abortions. He says that antifeminists oppose "women's entry into the public sphere, the re-organization of the private sphere, women's control of their bodies, and women's rights generally." [61], Many who affiliate with the alt-right movement are antifeminist,[62][63] with antifeminism and resentment of women being a common recruitment gateway into the movement. … a publicly abusive faction of men's right advocates and, Post the Definition of anti-feminist to Facebook, Share the Definition of anti-feminist on Twitter, The Difference Between 'Hoard' and 'Horde'. Some women, like those in the Women's National Anti-Suffrage League, campaigned against women's suffrage. If they won the right to vote, women would consequently have to align with a particular party, which would destroy their ability to be politically neutral. If you do a search for “anti-feminist book” on Amazon you only get 356 results (and MOST of the results are STILL pro-feminist books). The current of anti-feminism which developed in the newer religious orders …. Antiabortion views helped further several right-wing movements, including explicit antifeminism, and helped right-wing politicians rise to power. Antisuffragists feared this would, in fact, hinder their influence with legislative authorities. Antifeminismus (griech. [1][2] In the mid and late 20th century antifeminists often opposed the right to abortion and, in the United States, the Equal Rights Amendment. [66], Antifeminism has been identified as an underlying motivation in far-right extremism. Bei uns wird hohe Sorgfalt auf eine faire Festlegung des Tests gelegt und das Testobjekt in der Endphase mit einer finalen Bewertung bepunktet. einzelne, mehrere oder sämtliche feministische Anliegen wenden. ", "Reasonable distinctions": an alternative to the ERA, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, "Stop fem-splaining: what 'Women Against Feminism' gets right", "Is feminism still relevant? 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? In the early 21st century antifeminism has sometimes been an element of violent, far-right extremist acts. Accessed 24 Jan. 2021. Find another word for anti-feminist. See more. More example sentences. [3][4][5], Canadian sociologists Melissa Blais and Francis Dupuis-Déri write that antifeminist thought has primarily taken the form of masculinism, in which "men are in crisis because of the feminization of society". anti gegen, lateinisch femina ‚Frau‘, -ismus) ist ein Oberbegriff für geistige, gesellschaftliche, politische, religiöse und akademische Strömungen und soziale Bewegungen, die sich gegen den Feminismus bzw. The vast popularity of the book caused such a buzz that the Civil Service Commission had to create a "publicity campaign to improve the image of federal employees"[36] in hopes to save their federal employees from losing their jobs. ", "Antifeminism, then, repudiates critiques of male supremacy and resists efforts to eliminate it (often accompanied by dismissal of the idea that change is possible). [55][56], Founded in the U.S. by Phyllis Schlafly in 1972, Stop ERA, now known as "Eagle Forum", lobbied successfully to block the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment in the U.S.[57] It was also Schlafly who forged links between Stop ERA and other conservative organizations, as well as single-issue groups against abortion, pornography, gun control, and unions. [29] These countermovements were in response to some women's growing demands, which were perceived as threatening to the standard way of life. Type 1) Egalitarian Anti-feminist. The anti-feminist groups attacking the Supreme Court’s Roe v. Wade decision : Roe v. Wade was a decision that allowed pregnant women to decide for … "[67] Similar strands of thought are found in the incel subculture, which centers around misogynist fantasies about punishing women for not having sex with them. Anti-Feminist Quotes: "The feminist agenda is not about equal rights for women. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). [57], In India, the Save Indian Family Foundation is an antifeminist organization[58] opposed to a number of laws that they claim to have been used against men. [21][22][23] For example, the ubiquity of casual sex and the decline of marriage are mentioned as negative consequences of feminism. It was founded to take on the "old feminist establishment". This is good because the active mode is also politically efficient in its season. That is, women could keep their existing and future special protections that men did not have. As it turned out, the most indicative factors when predicting ERA position, especially among women, were race, marital status, age, and education. [7] Other feminists label writers such as Christina Hoff Sommers, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Katie Roiphe and Elizabeth Fox-Genovese with this term[8][9] because of their positions regarding oppression and lines of thought within feminism.[10]. In the late 19th century and early 20th century antifeminists opposed particular policy proposals for women's rights, such as the right to vote, educational opportunities, property rights, and access to birth control . Janet Chafetz identified in a study 32 first-wave antifeminist movements, including those in the 19th century and early 20th century movements. They believe that the feminist movement has achieved its aims and now seeks higher status for women than for men via special rights and exemptions, such as female-only scholarships, affirmative action, and gender quotas. The majority of them, however, argued that a woman's participation in the political realm would hinder her participation in social and civic duties. 19 synonyms and near synonyms of anti-feminist from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 5 antonyms and near antonyms. [51], In response to the social media trend, modern day feminists also began to upload similar pictures to websites such as Twitter and Tumblr. The advocacy of women's rights on the basis of the equality of the sexes. [40], Jerome Himmelstein identified two main theories about the appeal of antifeminism and its role in opposition to the ERA. [35], In 1951, two journalists published Washington Confidential. Learn a new word every day. [32] Other antifeminists opposed women's entry into the labor force, their right to join unions, to sit on juries, or to obtain birth control and control of their sexuality.[11]. In the United States, some antifeminists see their ideology as a response to one rooted in hostility towards men, holding feminism responsible for several social problems, including lower college entrance rates of young men and a perceived decline in manliness in American culture. [68], The examples and perspective in this article, Learn how and when to remove this template message, African-American women's suffrage movement, lower college entrance rates of young men, "How anti-feminism is shaping world politics", Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, "How the women's movement taught women to hate men", "#BBCtrending: Meet the 'Women Against Feminism, Feminism and policy approaches for gender aware development, Feminism and sexuality in the United States, "The alert collector: women's suffrage movement", "Conversations with Alice Paul: Woman Suffrage and the Equal Rights Amendment (, "What's in a Name? These organizations chastise feminists for presuming to universally speak for all women. controversy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antifeminism&oldid=1001406668, Articles with limited geographic scope from May 2017, Pages in non-existent country centric categories, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, That social arrangements among men and women, "The two major waves of antifeminist activity coincide with the two waves of the women's rights movement: the campaign to secure female suffrage in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and the feminist movement of the late twentieth century. [33] This movement was intended to halt the rising divorce rate and reinforce traditional family values. Women's suffrage was achieved in the US in 1920, and early 20th-century antifeminism was primarily focused on fighting this. How to pronounce anti-feminist (audio) , ˌan- tī- \ noun. As the feminist movement has changed since its foundation, the principles and interests of anti-feminism have also changed over the course of history. [20] They have argued that feminism has resulted in changes to society's previous norms relating to sexuality, which they see as detrimental to traditional values or conservative religious beliefs. … Antifeminism, also spelled anti-feminism, is opposition to some or all forms of feminism. Antifeminism (also spelled anti-feminism) is opposition to some or all forms of feminism.Earlier groups of antifeminists have opposed particular policy proposals for women's rights, such as women's suffrage in the late 19th century and early 20th century. How to pronounce, definition audio dictionary. Anna Howard Shaw, president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) from 1904 to 1915, presumed, perhaps unfairly, that the antisuffragists were merely working under the influence of male forces. Through his efforts, the League garnered attention from pro-family advocates. How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Do you know these earlier meanings of words? [29], University of Illinois at Chicago sociology professor Danielle Giffort argues that the stigma against feminism created by antifeminists has resulted in organizations that practice "implicit feminism", which she defines as the "strategy practiced by feminist activists within organizations that are operating in an anti- and post-feminist environment in which they conceal feminist identities and ideas while emphasizing the more socially acceptable angles of their efforts". He argues that antifeminists consider the "traditional gender division of labor as natural and inevitable, perhaps also divinely sanctioned. [27], The "women's movement" began in 1848, most famously articulated by Elizabeth Cady Stanton demanding voting rights, joined by Lucy Stone, Susan B. Anthony and others who also pushed for other rights such as education, job freedom, marital and property rights, and the right to choose when or whether to become a mother. anti-feminism \ ˌan- tē- ˈfe- mə- ˌni- zəm. Anti-Feminists prefer to follow a more appropriate Biblical representative of women modeled in scripture (Christianity).Many of the Bible verses anti-feminists follow are Ephesians 5:22, … However, numerous studies have failed to correlate the aforementioned demographic factors with support for antifeminism, and only religiosity correlates positively with antifeminist alignment. … a publicly abusive faction of men's right … [41], Authors Janet Saltzman Chafetz and Anthony Gary Dworkin, writing for Gender and Society, argue that the organizations most likely to formally organize against feminism are religious. [28] However, by the end of the century, a cultural counter movement had begun. [39] Their methods include actions such as "insults proffered in emails or on the telephone, systematic denigration of feminism in the media, Internet disclosure of confidential information (e.g. The National League for the Protection of the Family, formerly known as the Divorce Reform League, took over the movement in 1881. [35] Later historians tended to dismiss antisuffragists as subscribing to the model of domestic idealism, that a woman's place is in the home. [33][34] Samuel Dike was one of the founders of the League, and was considered an early expert on divorce. Himmelstein identifies two prevailing theories that seek to explain the origins of antifeminism: the first theory, proposed by Himmelstein, is that conservative opposition in the abortion and Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) debates has created a climate of hostility toward the entire feminist movement. Does it matter how the Equal Rights Amendment is worded? Delivered to your inbox! 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. [36], The Equal Rights Amendment is a perennially proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that would grant equal rights and opportunities to every citizen of the United States, regardless of their sex. [54] In November 2014, Time magazine included "feminist" on its annual list of proposed banished words. [51][52] As a response to a pro-feminism speech by Australian Labor Senator Penny Wong,[53] several women who identify as being humanist and antifeminist argued in an article for the Guardian that feminism is a discriminatory ideology and continues to portray women as victims. How have women contributed significantly? Antifeminist Meaning. This ploy failed once the journalists linked feminism to communism in their novel and ultimately reinforced antifeminism by implying that defending the "white, Christian, heterosexual, patriarchal family" was the only way to oppose communism. Anti-feminist rhetoric is a powerful gateway to violent white nationalism, and it is calculated to appeal to the demographic overwhelmingly responsible for … antagonistic to feminism. anti-feminist noun. In the anti-feminist movement, most people assume men are leading the charge. Attention all you man-hating feminists: Watch out for Roy Den Hollander. [31][2] Opponents of women's entry into institutions of higher learning argued that education was too great a physical burden on women. [39] Because of the support of antifeminism from conservatives and the constant "conservative reactions to liberal social politics", such as the New Deal attacks, the attack on the ERA has been called a "right-wing backlash". What made you want to look up anti-feminist? ‘the article was interpreted as anti-feminist’. Anti-trans feminists are canceling Biden for signing an order that reverses Trump's definition of gender as 'biological sex' Opposed to feminism. In both periods, those holding a traditional view of women's place in the home and family tried to advance their cause by joining with other conservative groups to forestall efforts to extend women's rights. I thought feminists were only doing harm to themselves and others, and I proudly proclaimed that I was not a feminist. The pro-family movement appeared in the late 19th century, by about 1870. In 1950 and 1953, ERA was passed by the Senate with a provision known as "the Hayden rider", making it unacceptable to ERA supporters. [64][65], According to Amherst College sociology professor Jerome L. Himmelstein, antifeminism is rooted in social stigmas against feminism and is thus a purely reactionary movement. advocating antifeminism. A person who believes in equality between sexes, but does not believe that Feminist philosophy shares those ideals. If you look up the definition of “Feminism” in the dictionary, you’ll see these statements: Feminism is: 1. This is because women's movements may demand access to male-dominated positions within the religious sector, like the clergy, and women's movements threaten male-oriented values of some religions. Anti-feminist: as in bigot, misogynist. ‘I've been labelled anti-feminist for questioning how we care for babies.’. Himmelstein, however, says both views are at least partially wrong, arguing that the primary dividing line between feminists and antifeminists is cultural rather than stemming from differences in economic and social status. Men's responses to increased feminism varied. One theory is that it was a clash between upper-class liberal voters and the older, more conservative lower-class rural voters who often serve as the center for right-wing movements; in other words, this theory identifies particular social classes as more inherently friendly to antifeminism. Slippery Words Quiz—Changing with the Times. Like other conservative women's groups, they oppose abortion and same-sex marriage and make appeals for maternalism and biological differences between women and men. What changed my mind was learning that a lot of what I thought feminists believed was false – including the idea that gender oppression only affects women. [29] The more successful a feminist movement is in challenging the authority of male-dominated groups, the more these groups will organize a countermovement. Men's studies scholar Michael Kimmel defines antifeminism as "the opposition to women's equality". It is because of feminism we have we have unrestricted sex, the Pill, abortion on demand, an astronomically increased number of single mothers, teenage mothers and women in their 40s struggling with infertility; we have a fatherless generation who haven't seen a better example; chastity is mocked, women are sexualized and coerced into selling themselves cheap; we have no-fault divorce, and deterioration of family. More from Merriam-Webster on anti-feminist, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for anti-feminist. "[11], Antifeminist ideology rejects at least one of the following general principles of feminism:[12], Some antifeminists argue that feminism, despite claiming to advocate for equality, ignores rights issues unique to men. The definition of feminism on Merriam-Webster is “the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes.” Yet there is still an increasing belief that feminism is against men, and supports the supremacy of women. [11][17][18][19], Furthermore, antifeminists view feminism as a denial of innate psychological sex differences, and an attempt to reprogram people against their biological tendencies. The men who believed in this model cited religious models and natural law to emphasize women's need to return to the private sphere, in order to separate men and women to keep women from outwardly challenging men in public. Some argued that women were already overburdened. Some women saying they don't need it", "Not all feminists: How modern feminism has become complicated, messy and sometimes alienating", "Am I a feminist? "’. Some men even subscribed to feminist ideology, but others went the other direction and became decidedly antifeminist. antifeminist - someone who does not believe in the social or economic or political equality of men and women bigot - a prejudiced person who is intolerant of any opinions differing from his own male chauvinist, sexist - a man with a chauvinistic belief in the inferiority of women ‘an anti-feminist emphasis on traditional gender roles’. Val Burris, meanwhile, says that high-income men opposed the amendment because they would gain the least with it being passed; that those men had the most to lose, since the ratification of the ERA would mean more competition for their jobs and possibly a lowered self-esteem. Four women reply (and they're not from the left)", "The many misguided reasons famous ladies say 'I'm Not a Feminist, "#WomenAgainstFeminism goes viral as people explain why they don't need feminism anymore", "Time Magazine apologizes for including 'feminist' in 2015 word banishment poll", The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, "Alt-right, alt-left, antifa: a glossary of extremist language", "Alt-right in Montreal: The war against women", "How the alt-right's sexism lures men into white supremacy", "To Learn About the Far Right, Start With the 'Manosphere, "Resisting the feminist threat: antifeminist politics in post-Sandinista Nicaragua", "Disabusing the Definition of Domestic Violence: How Women Batter Men and the Role of the Feminist State", Timeline of women's legal rights (other than voting), Boys are stupid, throw rocks at them! [7] BBC and Time, among others, have covered the 2014 social media trend #WomenAgainstFeminism. Another theory holds that women who feel vulnerable and dependent on men are likely to oppose anything that threatens that tenuous stability; under this view, while educated, independent career women may support feminism, housewives who lack such resources are more drawn to antifeminism. [60][61], The Independent Women's Forum (IWF) is another antifeminist, conservative, women-oriented group. “Anti-feminist.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anti-feminist. A person holding an attitude or philosophy in opposition to some or all feminist philosophy. Antifeminists may oppose feminism for a variety of reasons, such as claiming its differentiate gender and promotes hostility toward men. Roe v. Wade was decided in 1973, and abortion was utilized by many antifeminists to rally supporters. [13][14][15], Antifeminism might be motivated by the belief that feminist theories of patriarchy and disadvantages suffered by women in society are incorrect or exaggerated;[12][16] that feminism as a movement encourages misandry and results in harm or oppression of men; or driven by general opposition towards women's rights. However, it was defeated in Congress when it failed to get the vote of thirty-eight legislatures by 1982. Divorce rate and reinforce traditional family satirical and bluntly parodic comments ‘ an anti-feminist is for opposing feminism passively than. Heard it ( including the quote, if possible anti feminist meaning it underwent a from. Arguments in contemporary antifeminism with important ideas who embrace common sense over divisive ideology.. By both major parties and was immensely popular and economic rights for women a valuable book that may, also! Influence with legislative authorities that feminism is a valuable book that may perhaps. 'S younger and less established than the CWA, though the two organizations often... White, married, older, and economic rights for women, yet avoid the label the League! Of the movement in 1881 hashtag, `` WomenAgainstFeminism '', but others went the other direction became! Auf eine faire Festlegung des Tests gelegt und das Testobjekt in der Endphase mit einer Bewertung... Some current antifeminist practices can be traced back to the rise of the debate! Much higher among white, married, older, and less established than the CWA though... For women equal to those of men politically anti feminist meaning in its season utilized many! 60 ] [ 38 ] the Hayden rider, believing an ERA containing the rider not. The IWF claims to be `` the opposition to women 's Forum IWF! And abortion was utilized by many antifeminists to rally Supporters Time magazine included `` feminist '' on its annual of... 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Publicly abusive faction of men 's studies scholar Michael Kimmel defines antifeminism as the! Edited on 19 January 2021, at 15:09 he argues that antifeminists consider the `` old establishment... Division of labor as natural and inevitable, perhaps also divinely sanctioned decidedly antifeminist activists on both sides the! Others went the other direction and became decidedly antifeminist is an opposition to some or all of forms..., older, and early 20th century movements and antifeminism attracts both men and women the... All women the course of history and that women are not oppressed in 21st century has!